The world’s oldest art wasn’t created by humans
Oldest art : One of the most hotly batted questions in the history of Neanderthals exploration has been whether he created Oldest art. Over the times, the agreement has come that they occasionally did. But, like their connections at either end of the hominoid evolutionary tree, chimpanzees and Homo sapiens, barbarous geste varied culturally from group to group and over time.
Their art was presumably more abstract than the stereotypical figure and beast delve Oldest art of Homosapiens created after the Neanderthals faded some 30,000 years agone. But archaeologists are beginning to appreciate just how creative barbarous art itself.
Homo sapiens is believed to have evolved in Africa at least 315,000 years agone
Neanderthals populations in Europe have been traced back at least 400,000 years.
By 250000 years agone, Neanderthals were mixing minerals similar as hematite( ochre) and manganese with liquids to make red and black maquillages – conceivably to embellish bodies and apparel.
It’s human nature
Research by paleontologists in the 1990s changed the general view of Neanderthals as lethargic. We now know that, far from trying to keep pace with Homo sapiens, they had a behavioral evolution of their own. His big brain earned his evolutionary status.
We know from finding remains in underground caves, including footprints and evidence of tool use and pigments, that Neanderthals had no apparent reason to be curious about their world.
Also read: Theopetra Cave was home of humans since 130,000 years ago Ancient Secret of the World’s Oldest Man
Why were they straying from the world of light into those dangerous depths where there was neither food nor water to drink? We can’t say for sure, but since this sometimes involved the creation of Oldest art on the cave walls, it was meaningful in some way rather than just exploration.
Neanderthals lived in small, close-knit groups that were highly nomadic. When they traveled, they carried embers with them to light small fires in the stone shelters and river banks where they camped. They used their spears and butcher’s tools to cut the carcasses. We should think of them as family groups, linked by constant interaction and competition between individuals. Although organized into small groups, it was really a world of individuals.
The evolution of the Neanderthals’ visual culture over time suggests that their social structure was changing. They increasingly used dyes and jewelry to decorate their bodies. As I detail in my book, Homo Sapiens Rediscovered, Neanderthals probably decorated their bodies as competition for group leadership became more sophisticated. The colors and ornaments conveyed messages about strength and power,Which helped individuals to convince their contemporaries about their strengths and suitability to lead.
Then, at least 65,000 years ago, Neanderthals used red pigment to mark the walls of caves deep in Spain. In the Ardales Cave near Málaga in southern Spain, he painted concave sections of bright white stalactites.
In the Maltraviso cave in Extremadura, western Spain, they made drawings around their hands. And in La Pasiega cave in Cantabria to the north, a Neanderthal created a rectangle by repeatedly pressing pigment-covered fingers on the wall.
Read more from other sources : NOT HUMAN World’s oldest art revealed but some experts think it wasn’t made by humans